Biology Mcqs For CSS, PPSC, NTS, FPSC Test

These Biology Mcqs are very important for all tests conducted by the FPSC test, NTS test, PPSC test, SSPC test, and other testing agencies of Pakistan. Here is the list of latest Biology MCQs for the preparation of the Government Jobs in Pakistan text exam.

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Tibia is a bone found in the ____________?

A. Skull
B. Arm
C. Leg
D. Face

Which is the largest gland in the human body?

A. Thyroid
B. Liver
C. Pancreas
D. None of these

Water has maximum density at____________?

A. 0°C
B. 4°C
C. 4° K
D. 4.8°C

The scientific study of livings is called?

A. Anatomy
B. Biology
C. Geology
D. Zoology

The word “BIOLOGY” has been derived from_________ word?

A. Latin
B. English
C. Greek
D. French

According to modern system of taxonomy, living organisms have been classified into?

A. Three Kingdoms
B. Five Kingdoms
C. Two Kingdoms
D. Six Kingdoms

Kingdom Protoctista includes____________?

A. Fungi
B. Prokaryotes
E. protists
D. Piantae

Kingdom Fungi includes_______________?

A. A cellular, eukaryotic organisms
B. Non-chlorophylls, multicellular eukaiyotlc organisms
C. Non-chlorophylls, multioellular,thailophytic organisms
D. Chlorophyllus, multicellular, eukaryotic Organisms

Earthworm is included in_____________?

A. Kingdom Plantae
B. Kingdom Protoctista
C. Kingdom Monera
D. Kingdom Animalia

The Study of organisms inhabiting the sea and Ocean and the physical and chemical characteristics of their environment is:

A. Social Biology
B. Marine Biology
C. Environmental Biology
D. Fresh Water Biology

The branch of Biology which deals with the use of data and techniques of engineering & technology concerning living organisms is:

A. Human Biology
B. Environmental Biology
C. Genetics
D. Bio-technology

The branch in which organism’s life cycle, mode of transmission and interaction with their hosts are studied is:

A. Anatomy
B. Physiology
C. Parasitology
D. Social Biology

The molecules of living matter that provide building blocks are mostly based on:

A. Carbon
B. Nitrogen
C. Hydrogen
D. Ammonia

Human blood is an example of__________?

A. Organelle
B. Tissues
C. Organic compound
D. Inorganic compounds

With different chemical arrangements and formation Of complex molecules, the life emerges on the level of the ?

A. Cells
B. Tissues
C. Organs
D. Organ System

Organelles are_______________?

A. Unicellular structures
B. Multi-cellular structures
C. Sub-cellular structures
D. Non-cellular structures

Functional unit of DNA Is____________?

A. Nucleus
B. Genes
C. Chromosomes
D. Nucleolus

Various tissue types combine to make up__________?

A. Cells
B. Organs
C. Organ System
D. Organelles

Two or more populations of different species living and interacting in the same area form

A. Biosphere
B. Community
C. Population System
D. Ecosystem
E. Species

A group of similar cells that perform a specific function is:

A. Organ
B. Tissues
C. Organelle
D. Organ System

Which of the following is an example of “molecule”?

A. Chloroplast
B. A Nerve Cell
D. Hydrogen

A group of very similar inter breeding organisms constitutes?

A. Biosphere
B. Ecosystem
C. Population
D. Species

Members of one species inhabiting the same are form__________?

A. Species
B. Community
C. Ecosystem
D. Population

On the basis of collected facts and figures, a scientist formulates a factitive statement called:

A. Observation
B. Research work
C. Hypothesis
D. Inductive Reasoning

Robert Hooke discovered_____________?

A. Nucleus
B. Mitochondria
C. Cell

Steps Involved in scientific method are ?

A. Hypothesis –>Accumulated data –> observation & experimentation –> conclusion
B. New data —> Conclusion —> Accumulated data —> Observation & experimentation
C. Accumulated data – New data – Observation & experimentation – Hypothesis –> Conclusion
D. Accumulated data —> Hypothesis –> Observation & experimentation —> New data —> Conclusion

Malaria is associated with___________?

A. Culex Mosquito
B. Culiesta Mosquito
C. Anopheles Mosquito
D. Culex & Anopheles Mosquito

Biologist ‘Grass’ discovered the life cycle of plasmodium in_______?

A. 1896
B. 1897
C. 1898
D. 1899

The first antibiotic to be discovered was_____________?

A. Penicillin
B. Cephalosporin
C. Amino glycosides
D. Erythromycin

Immunization by vaccination was first introduced by?

A. Fleming in 1945
B. Florey & Chain in 1975
C. Flore & Chain in 1795
D. Edward Jenner in 1795

The Science of growing terrestrial plants in an aerated solution is_________?

A. Hydrodynamics
B. Hydroponics
C. Hydrotonics
D. None of them

An educated guess is called:

A. Accumulated Data
B. Observation
C. Hypothesis
D. Conclusion

Dolly, the sheep was a highly successful clone from a somatic cell, reported back in________?

A. 1993
B. 1994
C. 1995
D. 1996

Crop rotation helps in______________?

A. Growth of pathogens
B. Soil Infertility
C. Slowing of crops growth
D. Eradication of disease

People living in high altitudes (like mountains) usually have a _________?

A. smaller number of Red Blood Cells
B. larger number of Red Blood Cells
C. smaller number of White Blood Cells
D. larger number of White Blood Cells

Which character differentiates living things from non-living organisms?

A. They live in the same ecosystem.
B. They are highly organized and complex made of one or more cells and contain genetic material
C. They are acted upon by the same environment
D. Both a and b

Which Vitamin is needed for the formation of a light-sensitive pigment in the retina.

A. Vitamin A
B. Vitamin C
C. Vitamin D
D. B complex

The average internal temperature of human body is __________?

A. 35 oC
B. 36 oC
C. 37 oC
D. 38 oC

The study of fossils is called?

A. Environmental Biology
B. Historical biology
C. Palaeontology
D. Social biology


About __________ of the body weight of a mammal is water ?

A. 60%
B. 65%
C. 70%
D. 75%

The experiments on DNA molecules in chromosomes for knowing the basis of inherited diseases are conducted by ?

A. Molecular biologists
B. Microbiologists
C. Freshwater biologists
D. Social biologist

On wound __________ fight foreign particles, like bacteria?

A. White Blood cells
B. Red Blood Cells
C. Platelets
D. Plasma

Sythetic insulin from pork was formed by which technique?

A. Biotechnology
B. Social biological techniques
C. Parasitology
D. Both a and c

Blood is carried towards the heart by __________?

A. Arteries
B. Capillaries
C. Veins
D. none of these

The branch of biology which deals with the study of social behavior and communal life of human beings living in any environment is called ?

A. Environmental biology
B. Social biology
C. Human biology
D. Both b and c

__________ is essential for the formation of hemoglobin.

A. Calcium
B. Iron
C. Water
D. Carbohydrates

Out of 92 naturally occurring chemical elements how many are considered as bio-elements?

A. 6
B. 16
C. 26
D. 15

___________ are needed as a source of energy for the vital activities of the body?

A. Calcium
B. Iron
C. Water
D. Carbohydrates

Oxygen accounts for ____ % of totals human body mass?

A. 65%
B. 18%
C. 10%
D. 3%

The atoms of different elements combine with each other through ionic or covalent bonding to produce compounds this stable form is called:

A. An organ
B. A molecule
C. Tissue
D. Both a and c

Which one of them is a micro-molecule?

A. Polysaccharide
B. Protein
C. Hemoglobin

A structure formed by groups of similar cells organized into loose sheets or bundles performing similar functions is called as:

A. An organ
B. An organism
C. A Tissue
D. A Cell

Haemodialysis means cleaning of____________?

A. Urine
B. Blood
C. Glomerular filterate
D. Coelomic fluid

In animals coordination is achieved by means of?

A. Nervous system
B. Endocrine system
C. Respiratory system
D. Both A and B

Production of sweat and sebum is related with ?

A. Skin
B. Liver
C. Lungs

Group of living organisms of the same species living in the same place at the same time is called ?

A. Community
B. Population
C. Ecosystem
D. Biome

The evaporative cooling in the respiratory tract of dogs is called?

A. Vasodilation
B. Vasoconstriction
C. Panting
D. All of these

Different species of plants and animals living in the same habitat is called?

A. Population
B. Community
C. Biome
D. Habitat

Which of the following pathogen type cause disease that can be treated with antibiotics ?

A. bacteria
B. fungi
C. virus
D. none of these

A large regional community primarily determined by climate is called ?

A. Population
B. Community
C. Biome
D. Habitat

Most cell membranes are composed principally of ?

A. DNA ad protein
B. Protein and Lipids
C. Protein and Chitin
D. Protein and RNA

The concept that various organisms dominated this planet during various geological time period and thus placing organisms in a time squence came from the studies by ?

A. Environmental biologist
B. Paleontologist
C. Marine biologist
D. Social biologist

Normally, in the process of osmosis, the net flow of water molecules into or out of the cell depends upon differences in the ?

A. Concentration of water molecules inside and outside the cell
B. Concentration of enzymes on either side of the cell membrane
C. Rate of molecular motion on either side of the cell membrane
D. None of these

It is possible to date the rocks by comparing the amount of specific radioactive isotopes they contain. Which of the statement is correct in this respect?

A. Older sediment layers have equal amount of these radioactive isotopes as that of the young ones
B. Older sediment layers have less amount of these radioactive isotopes as that of the young ones.
C. Older sediment layers have greater amount of these radioactive isotopes as that of the young ones.
D. Older sediment layers did not have these radioactive isotopes

Sodium ions are “pumped” from a region of lower concentration to a region of higher concentration in the nerve cells of humans. This process is an example of

A. Diffusion
B. Passive transport
C. Osmosis
D. Active transport

An unbroken series of species arranged in ancestors to descendent sequence with each later species having evolved from one that immediately preceded it is called?

A. Biome
B. Phyletic lineage
C. Community
D. Population

Proteins are made from amino acids by the process of ______________?

A. Hydrolysis
B. Pinocytosis
C. Dehydration synthesis
D. Active transport

Biological sciences have a set methodology and it is based on ?

A. Experimental inquiry
B. Esthetic preference
C. Philosophical ideas
D. Imaginations

Which is an organic compound found in most cells ?

A. Water
B. Glucose
C. Oxygen
D. Sodium chloride

A series of hypothesis supported by the results of many tests is called ?

A. Scientific law
B. Theory
C. Data
D. Deduction

Which are the four most abundant elements in living cells ?

A. carbon, oxygen, nitrogen, sulfur
B. carbon, oxygen, hydrogen, nitrogen
C. carbon, oxygen, sulfur, phosphorus
D. carbon, sulfur, hydrogen, magnesium

Which one is not correct for a productive theory?

A. It is predictive
B. It has explanatory power
C. It discourages suggestion of different hypotheses
D. None of these

Conclusion of Mendels work latter became a_____________?

A. Scientific hypothesis
B. Theory
C. Scientific law
D. Productive theory

Starch is converted into maltose by?

A. diastase
B. invertase
C. maltase
D. amylase

Breeders have developed new and better varieties of food items by using which technique?

A. Pasteurization
B. Hydroponic culture technique
C. Genetic engineering
D. Biological control techniques

Co-enzyme is often formed from ?

A. lipid
B. protein
C. inorganic ion
D. vitamin

Production of genetically identical copies of organisms/cells by asexula reproduction is called ?

A. Mitosis
B. Replication
C. Cloning
D. Biological control

Messenger RNA is formed in_________?

D.none of these

Astronauts may use which technique to grow fruits and vegetables ?

A. Tissue culture techniques
B. Cloning
C. Pasterisation
D. Hydroponic culture technique

Number of chromosomes in E.coli ?

A. 1
B. 2
C. 4
D. 6

Which statement is incorrect for pasteurization?

A. It is used to preserve yogurt and milk
B. It was developed by Louis Pasteur.
C. It involves heating the substance at high temperature for just few sec.
D. It can be used to preserve vegetables and meat.

Protein factory is___________?

A. nucleus
B. ribosome
C. golgi complex
D. centriole

What is the mode of transmission of Hepatitis virus?

A. Aerosol
B. Parentral (via blood)
C. Skin penetration
D. Unknown

Smallest disease causing agents in plants are ?

A. virion
B. mycoplasma
C. viroids
D. prions

Which disease can be controlled by vaccination?

A. Measles
B. Cancer
C. Diabetes
D. Heart attack

The major cell infected by the HIV is lymphocyte ?

A. helper-T
B. B
C. both T and B
D. none of these

Vaccine was first developed by_______________?

A. Louis Pasture
B. Edward Jenner
C. Jaber Ibn Hayan
D. Aristotle

Pigment present in red algae is_____________?

A. fucoxanthin
B. phycocyanin
C. phycoerythrin
D. bilirubin

Which disease has been totally eradicated from the world because of effective vaccination?

A. Measles
B. Polio
C. Small pox
D. Hepatitis

Nutrition in fungi is___________?

A. Photosynthetic
B. Chemosynthetic
C. Completely parasitic
D. Absorptive heterotrophs

Which of the following statement is incorrect about antibiotics?

A. They are used against microorganisms
B. They are always effective against bacteria
C. They are used in diseases like tuberculosis and pneumonia
D. They are derived from bacteria only

Fungi resemble plants because they lack___________?

A. Cell wall
B. Cytoplasm
C. Centriole
D. Nucleus

Which treatment is instituted in a cancerous patient?

A. Antibiotic therapy
B. Radiotherapy
C. Gene therapy
D. None of these

Which is a parasitic plant?

A. cuscuta
B. rose
C. ferns
D. mosses

Which statement is incorrect for cloning?

A. The nucleus of a fertilized egg is replaced by the nucleus from the cell of a fully developed individual
B. Division of a single egg into one or more separate embryos.
C. The individual is the mirror image of the parent organism
D. It involve methods of sexual reproduction

True roots absent in_____________?

A. ferns
B. bryophytes
C. gymnosperms
D. angiosperms

Removal or degradation of environmental pollutants or toxic materials by living organisms is called__________?

A. Integrated disease management
B. Hydroponic culture technique
C. Pasteurization
D. Bioremediation

The mechanism for ATP synthesis is_____________?

A. Chemosynthesis
B. Photosynthesis
C. Phosphorylation
D. Chemiosmosis

Which of the following is not a viral disease?

A. Cowpox
B. Mumps
C. Tetanus
D. Small pox

Enzyme present in the saliva is_____________?

A. lipase
B. trypsin
C. ptyalin
D. invertase


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